West Oxfordshire Local Plan Housing Consultation

9 Housing Mix

9.1 The Local Plan has an important role to play in influencing the type and size of new homes that are provided. In this way it can help to address any current 'imbalance' in the existing housing stock and help to ensure that future needs are properly met.

Market Housing - Existing Stock

9.2 Information on the existing stock of market (private) housing in West Oxfordshire is available from the 2011 Census and is summarised in the Oxfordshire Strategic Housing Market Assessment (2014).

9.3 The chart below illustrates the percentage of different house types in West Oxfordshire and across the rest of the County.

Figure 9.1 - Percentage of different house types in West Oxfordshire Source: Oxfordshire SHMA and 2011 Census

9.4 It is evident that the existing housing stock in West Oxfordshire, like all Oxfordshire authorities (except Oxford City) is dominated by detached and semi-detached properties, with fewer terraced properties and flats/maisonettes.

9.5 Notably, the percentage of detached and semi-detached properties in West Oxfordshire is higher than the regional and national averages.

9.6 It is also useful to consider information on the size of existing properties. Figure 9.2 below illustrates the percentage of different house sizes in West Oxfordshire compared to the rest of Oxfordshire and the regional and national averages.

Figure 9.2 - House Size in West Oxfordshire as a percentage of all dwellings in 2011 Source: 2011 Census (taken from Oxfordshire SHMA 2014)

 

9.7 It is evident that the current housing stock in West Oxfordshire is dominated by larger properties with 73% of properties having 3 or more bedrooms.

9.8 Whilst recent developments at Witney (Madley Park) and Carterton (Shilton Park) have helped to increase the stock of smaller properties available, the overall imbalance of larger properties remains.

Market Housing - Future Requirements by Dwelling Size

9.9 The Local Plan provides an opportunity to address the current imbalance in the housing stock outlined above by ensuring that properties of the right type and size are built in the future.

9.10 Housing needs evidence published in 2011 suggests in relation to market housing, that to create a more balanced housing stock, future development should be based on a split of 60% 1 and 2-bed properties and 40% 3-bed and 4+ bed properties.

9.11 Further advice on future requirements for market housing is contained in the Oxfordshire SHMA (2014). The SHMA suggests that the provision of market housing should be more explicitly focused on delivering smaller family housing for younger households. Smaller units are also suitable for meeting the needs of others including older people wishing to downsize.

9.12 The SHMA recommends the following mix of market is housing is sought across the Oxfordshire housing market area:

  • 5% 1-bed properties
  • 25% 2-bed properties
  • 45% 3-bed properties
  • 25% 4+bed properties

9.13 The SHMA emphasises that this is a general guide only and Local Plans should not be overly prescriptive about the size of property sought as the 'market' is to some degree a better judge of what is the most appropriate profile of homes to deliver at any point in time.

9.14 Table 9.1 below taken from the Oxfordshire SHMA provides a more-specific breakdown by District. Again however this is a general guide only.

Table 9.1 - Estimated dwelling requirement by number of bedrooms (2011 - 2031) - Market Sector Source: Oxfordshire SHMA (2014)

Sub-area

1 bedroom

2 bedrooms

3 bedrooms

4+ bedrooms

Cherwell

6.2%

23.1%

46.2%

24.6%

Oxford

10.7%

24.9%

38.9%

25.5%

South Oxfordshire

5.7%

26.7%

43.4%

24.2%

Vale of White Horse

5.9%

21.7%

42.6%

29.8%

West Oxfordshire

4.8%

27.9%

43.4%

23.9%

OXFORDSHIRE

7.0%

24.4%

42.9%

25.7%

 

9.15 This suggests that the Council should be looking to secure 33% 1-bed and 2-bed properties and 67% 3-bed and 4+bed properties. This represents a noticeable shift from the Council's previous 2011 housing needs assessment which suggested a need for 60% 1-bed and 2-bed and 40% 3-bed and 4+bed properties.

9.16 We will consider this evidence as a starting point in relation to negotiations over housing mix taking into account the need to provide an appropriate balance of dwelling types and for development to be of a character that is appropriate for its location, in the interests of creating sustainable communities.

Affordable Housing - Future Requirements by Dwelling Size

9.17 Information on future potential requirements for affordable housing by property size is set out in the Oxfordshire SHMA (2014). Table 9.2 below sets out the suggested proportions of affordable housing to be sought in each District by property size.

Table 9.2 - Estimated dwelling requirement by number of bedrooms (2011 to 2031) - Affordable Sector Source: Oxfordshire SHMA (2014) 

Sub-area

1 bedroom

2 bedrooms

3 bedrooms

4+ bedrooms

Cherwell

28.3%

31.0%

36.9%

3.7%

Oxford

29.0%

32.7%

32.2%

6.1%

South Oxfordshire

32.6%

35.5%

29.3%

2.7%

Vale of White Horse

27.3%

35.1%

33.6%

3.9%

West Oxfordshire

23.3%

43.7%

30.4%

2.6%

OXFORDSHIRE

28.4%

34.7%

32.7%

4.3%

 

9.18 This is consistent with the earlier draft Local Plan (2012) which stated that as a general guide, the Council will seek the following mix of affordable housing:

  • 65% 1-bed and 2-bed homes
  • 35% 3-bed and 4-bed homes

Consultation Question 31) Housing Mix-Market Housing

The most recent evidence set out in the Oxfordshire SHMA (2014) suggests that as a general guide, the Council should seek the following proportions of market housing:

  • 4.8%                            1-bed
  • 27.9%                          2-bed
  • 43.4%                          3-bed
  • 23.9%                          4-bed

Do you agree that this is an appropriate approach in West Oxfordshire?

Option Results Count
Agree
Disagree
Observation

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Consultation Question 32) Housing Mix - Affordable Housing

The most recent evidence suggests that as a general guide, the Council should seek the following proportions of affordable housing:

  • 65% - 67%                   1-bed and 2-bed
  • 33% - 35%                   3-bed and 4-bed

Do you agree that this is an appropriate approach in West Oxfordshire?

Option Results Count
Agree
Disagree
Observation

View the responses to this question.