Draft Core Strategy January 2011 - interactive online version

16 Glossary

A more extensive list of planning terms is available at: www.planningportal.gov.uk




Affordable Housing

Housing, usually managed by registered providers, available to those who cannot afford to buy or rent on the open market. The most common forms include housing at discounted rent, or available to part buy part rent (i.e. shared ownership)

Air Quality Management Area (AQMA)

The 1995 Environment Act requires an AQMA to be designated where it is likely that the objectives set out in the Air Quality Regulations will not be met. There are two AQMAs in West Oxfordshire.


An area of land identified for a specific land use in a development plan.

Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty


An area with statutory national landscape designation, the primary purpose of which is to conserve and enhance natural beauty. These areas represent the nation's finest landscapes. AONBs are designated by Natural England.

Annual Monitoring Report (AMR)

A report produced each year showing delivery of development and progress on the Local Development Framework and its effectiveness.


The diversity of plants and animal species in a given area or during a specific period of time, including their varying behaviour and interactions.


Usually takes the form of wood pellets and chips. In a biomass boiler these would be burned to produce heat.

Building Research Establishment Environment Assessment Method


A widely used environmental assessment method for buildings. BREEAM assesses buildings against set criteria and provides an overall score.

Brownfield Land (Previously developed land)

Land which is or has been occupied by a permanent building or structures (excluding gardens, agricultural or forestry buildings). Where the remains of any structure or activity have blended into the landscape the site may no longer be considered brownfield.

Code For Sustainable Homes

Provides a comprehensive measure of sustainability of a new home by rating and certifying new homes against nine categories of sustainable design: energy/CO2, pollution, water, health and well-being, materials, management, surface water run-off, ecology and waste.

Combined Heat and Power


The simultaneous generation of usable heat and power in a single process, thereby reducing wasted heat and putting to use heat that would normally be wasted to the atmosphere, rivers or sea.

Community Strategy (CS)

A strategy prepared by a Local Strategic Partnership to improve local quality of life and aspirations, under the Local Government Act 2000

Conservation Area

An area of special architectural or historic interest where development is strictly controlled so that its special character and qualities can be preserved or improved.

Core Strategy

A Development Plan Document setting out the long-term spatial vision and strategic objectives and policies which will apply to future development of a local authority area, having regard to the Community Strategy.

Decentralised Energy Supply

Energy supply from local renewable and local low-carbon sources (i.e. on-site and near-site but not remote off-site) usually on a relatively small scale. It is a broad term used to denote a diverse range of technologies, including micro-renewables, which can locally serve an individual building, development or wider community.

Decentralised and Renewable or Low-Carbon Energy

Decentralised renewable energy or decentralised low-carbon energy or a combination of decentralised renewable energy and decentralised low-carbon energy.

Includes energy for heating and cooling as well as generating electricity. Renewable energy covers those energy flows that occur naturally and repeatedly in the environment - from the wind, the fall of water, the movement of the oceans, from the sun and from biomass. Low-carbon technologies are those that can help reduce carbon emissions.

Derelict Land

Land no longer in active use.

Development Plan Document


Spatial planning documents prepared as part of the Local Development Framework. These are subject to independent examination by the Planning Inspectorate. The timetable for production of these documents is set out in the Local Development Scheme.

Energy Efficiency

Making the best or most efficient use of energy in order to achieve a given output of goods or services, and of comfort or convenience.

Extra Care Housing

Extra Care Housing is a type of housing, care and support that falls somewhere between traditional sheltered housing and residential care.

Flood Zone

An area within which the flood risk is in a particular range, as defined in Planning Policy Statement 25 (Development and Flood Risk).

Green Belt

An area of land protected from urban sprawl by keeping land permanently open - to prevent built up areas from merging, to protect the character of towns and countryside and to aid urban regeneration.

Green Infrastructure


Networks of multi-functional open space, including parks, gardens, outdoor sports facilities, amenity greenspace, allotments and river corridors.

Greenfield site

Land that has not previously been developed or where the remains of any buildings, roads, uses etc have blended into the landscape since last used.

Housing Association


An independent, non profit organisation registered and regulated by Government bodies who provides and manages housing for rent and sale at discounted rates


Basic services necessary for development to take place, for example, roads, electricity, sewerage, water, education, health and recreation facilities as well as provision for amenity and biodiversity.

Intermediate housing

Housing at prices and rents above those of social rent but below market price or rents and meets the criteria for affordable housing. Social rents are determined through the national rent regime.

Landscape Character

The distinct and recognisable pattern of elements that occur consistently in a particular type of landscape. It reflects particular combinations of geology, landform, soils, vegetation, land use and human settlement.

Lifetime Homes

Design features applied to new homes to support the changing needs of individuals and families at different stages of life.

Local Development Document (LDD)

An individual document in the LDF. It can be a Development Plan Document (which forms part of the statutory development plan) and a Supplementary Planning Document (which does not form part of the statutory development plan). LDDs collectively deliver the spatial planning strategy for the local planning authority's area over a specified plan period.

Local Development Framework (LDF)

This is a non-statutory term used to describe a collection of documents, each with a distinctive role to perform, which includes all the local planning authority's local development documents. An LDF comprises Development Plan Documents, Supplementary Planning Documents, the Statement of Community Involvement, the Local Development Scheme and the Annual Monitoring Report. The use of a number of discrete documents rather than a single plan enables them to be updated individually, in response to changes in government guidance or changes in local circumstances.

Local Development Scheme (LDS)

A programme which outlines how and when Development Plan Documents are to be prepared.

Local Investment Plan (LIP)

A document that outlines and integrates the strategic infrastructure proposals of local authorities and their partners that support planned housing and economic growth.

Local Strategic Partnership


An overall partnership of people that brings together organisations from the public, private, community and voluntary sector within a local authority area, with the objective of improving people's quality of life through partnership working.

Local Wildlife Site of Nature Conservation Importance (LWS)

Locally important sites of nature conservation adopted by local planning authorities for planning purposes.


Taking action to reduce the impact of human activity.

Passive Solar Heating

A solar heating system using a simple solar collector, building materials, or an architectural design to capture and store the sun's heat.

Photovoltaic Cells

Conversion of solar radiation (the sun's rays) to electricity by the effect of photons on the electrons in a solar cell.

Planning Policy Statement (PPS)

Previously known as PPGs (Planning Policy Guidance), these contain the Government's planning policies on various topics.

Proposals Map

Illustrates, on an Ordnance Survey based map, all the policies contained in Development Plan Documents together with any saved policies.

Regional Spatial Strategy (RSS)

Prepared by the Regional Planning Body. It sets out policies in relation to the development and use of land in the region. RSSs are due to be abolished by the Government in 2011.

Registered Providers

A body that manages affordable homes, both social rented and intermediate. Most housing associations are Registered Providers.

Rural Exceptions Site/Policy

A development plan policy may allow for sites to come forward within rural areas solely for affordable housing to meet local needs on land which would not otherwise be released for general market housing.

Saved Policies

Transitional arrangements allowed for existing adopted plan policies to be saved for three years from September 2004 or from adoption (whichever date was later). After this, Local Authorities were required to save the parts of their Local Plan which are still relevant and do not repeat national or regional guidance. These policies are saved until they can be reasonably replaced within the Local Development Framework.

Scheduled Ancient Monument

Nationally important monuments usually archaeological remains, that receive greater protection against inappropriate development.

Section 106 Agreement

A legal agreement under section 106 of the 1990 Town and Country Planning Act. They are legal agreements between a planning authority and a developer, or undertakings offered unilaterally by a developer, that ensure that certain extra works related to a development are undertaken.

Sequential Test

A planning principle that seeks to identify, allocate or develop certain types of location of land before others. For example, brownfield housing sites before greenfield sites, or town centre retail sites before out-of-centre sites.

Site of Special Scientific Interest


A site identified under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 (as amended by the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000) as an area of special (national) interest by reason of any of its flora, fauna, geological or physiographical features.

Spatial Planning

Spatial planning goes beyond traditional land use planning to bring together and integrate policies for the development and use of land with other policies and programmes which influence the nature of places and how they function. This will include policies which can impact on land use by influencing the demands on, or needs for, development, but which are not capable of being delivered solely or mainly through the granting or refusal of planning permission and which may be implemented by other means.

Statement of Community Involvement (SCI)

A document setting out how the Council intends to involve the general public in drawing up policies in the Local Development Framework and in major planning applications. The SCI is not a Development Plan Document but is subject to a statutory adoption process.

Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)

An assessment of the potential impacts of policies and proposals on the environment, to include proposals for the mitigation of impacts.

Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessment (SHLAA)

A study to identify and assess sites with potential for housing development.

Supplementary Planning Documents


A Local Development Document, which contains further detail to supplement policies or proposals in a Development Plan Document. An SPD may be thematic or site-specific. These are subject to consultation but as they do not create new policy they are not subject to a public examination.

Sustainability Appraisal


A Sustainability Appraisal is a means of appraising the impacts that today's policies may have on the longer term. The appraisal involves considering the social, economic and environmental effects of a plan from the outset of the preparation process. These appraisals are required for each development plan document.

Sustainable Development

The core principle underpinning planning. It is described as development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

Sustainable Urban Drainage System


An alternative to the traditional way of managing run-off from buildings and hard standings. They are designed to improve the rate and manner of absorption of water by hard and soft surfaces, in order to reduce the total amount, flow and rate of surface water that runs directly to rivers through storm water systems.

The Development Plan

Currently comprises the RSS and statutory Local Development Documents contained within the Local Development Framework.